Not so much about the end of America, but the gradual ending of America's economic dominance in the world. Zakaria contrasts America today with the rise and fall of the British empire. The book focuses on China and India, their recent rise and the challenges each faces, as well as suggestions for America to keep their competitive edge.
At the University level, Zakaria seems quite bullish on America especially in CS.
The situation in the sciences is particularly striking. A list of where the world's 1000 best computer scientists were educated shows that the top ten schools are all American. US spending on R&D remains higher than Europe's, and its collaborations between business and education institutions are unmatched anywhere in the world. American remains by far the most attractive destination for students taking 30 percent of the total number of foreign students globally. All these advantages will not be erased easily, because the structure of European and Japanese university—mostly state-run bureaucracies—is unlikely to change. And while China and India are opening new institutions, it is not that easy to create a world-class university out of whole cloth in a few decades. Here's a statistic about engineers that you might not have heard. In India, universities graduate between 35 and 50 Ph.D.'s in computer science each year; in America, the figure is 1,000.We have seen some countries like Israel create world-class universities out of whole cloth in a few decades. The US did it themselves in the late 19th century. So China and India could have dramatical success at the university level if they make the commitment to resources and change. Until recently the Indians and Chinese have come in large numbers to our graduate programs and have just stayed in the US. Now, for may reasons not the least of which is the improving economic conditions in both countries, we are seeing more researchers heading back to their native countries whether it be Turing Award winner Andy Yao or just a large number of Indian scientists that are moving or plan to move back to India. Imagine the changes we've seen at Israeli universities in a country with a 10-digit population size.