Last night, Adleman, Rivest and Shamir gave their Turing award lecture, each giving twenty minutes of an hour long talk. Their basic them on how cryptology has changed in the last 25 years:
- Cryptography is now done publicly rather than in secret. This has led to researchers building on each others ideas to create better and better encryption schemes and protocols. But also it has allowed more people to attack these protocols and weed out the bad ones.
- Cryptography has moved from art to science. Now we have protocols based on mathematical ideas like number theory instead of just creating seemingly complexity functions.
The lectures were taped and may show up on-line someday. I'll let you know if I find them there--definitely recommended viewing.