Back in 2005, I wrote a post titled Chess and Poker. Not really comparing the two but noting that Chess had lost its mojo while poker had high-stakes prime time tournaments. The inspiration was an NYT Op-Ed that started "CHESS in America is having a crisis". I suggested that computers getting better than humans may have reduced interest in the game.
The fictional show takes place in the 1960's when interest in chess in the US started to pick up due to Bobby Fischer's exploits and well before computers played a decent game. Fischer isn't mentioned in the Netflix series, the main character Beth Harmon sort of plays his role. The games themselves, created by Gary Kasparov and others, are even a joy to watch. Check out this analysis of the final game (spoiler warning).
What about the computers? They have just gotten so good and with AlphaZero mastering the game with just machine learning on top of the rules of chess, it's not even fun to watch computer versus computer anymore. Now we're back to watching humans and getting back into the games ourselves.
Computers have opened the door to cheating. Complexity theorist Ken Regan has a side gig reviewing games to determine if a player punching above their weight secretly used a computer algorithm.
Microsoft just announced chess programs that play as a human at various levels of strength. I suppose someone could use a program like this to cheat in a way that even Ken couldn't detect. But mostly it would be like Googling in pub trivia--just takes the fun out of the game.