This year I submitted a problem for Part II. The people on the committee who tried it couldn't do it so we decided to NOT put it on the exam. I only knew the answer because I read a theorem and build a problem around it. The people who couldn't do it are very sharp. Since they could not do it the problem was too hard. But... lets see what you think?
I would like YOU to try it without consulting any resources, (and don't look at the comments- someone might post questions that lead to a hint, or the answer) and keep in mind that you can't use advanced techniques (I'm do not think they would help anyway). See if you can do it so I can get a sense if it really is too hard. Post your opinion on if its too hard for a HIGH SCHOOL math competition. Here is the problem:
Prove or disprove: there exist natural numbers x1,...,x10 such that(ADDED LATER- A commenter thought that the xi's in the first and second condition could be different. They are not. We want x1,...,x10 that satisfy both of these simultaneously.)
- 2011=x1+... +x10 and
- 1=1/x1+... +1/x10
I'll post a pointer to the solution next time I post. (Probably Wednesday.) ADDED LATER- a commenter wants to know if there is a solution or not and can't wait until WED. Also wants to know if there is a solution is it constructive or proof of existence. To answer the question but NOT ruin it for others, I put it in a file you can click on (or NOT) over here: here.)